At least 31 pilot whales have died after a mass stranding at a New Zealand beach known to be a notorious spot for whale deaths.

Wildlife officials said the pod was first spotted on Thursday, beached across three kilometres of Farewell Spit on the South Island.

On Friday, rescuers managed to refloat five whales who had survived the night.

But just hours later, at least two had washed back up and had to be euthanised, officials told the BBC.

This beaching is just the latest in mass strandings at Farewell Spit, the northernmost tip of New Zealand's South Island.

Authorities say while whale strandings are unfortunate, they are a natural phenomenon.

"It's not an uncommon experience here in Golden Bay, given the area's topography... it's known as one of the stranding hotspots," rescuer Dave Winterburn from the Department of Conservation told the BBC.

"So we go through periods when we don't have any, and then we get a couple in a row - that's just the way things go."

It is not fully understood why the whales got stranded, but pilot whales are known to be more prone to getting beached. They are not considered endangered, although exact population numbers are not known.


Image caption,

Farewell Spit has been dubbed a 'death trap' for whales in the area

Farewell Spit, a 26km (16 mile) hook of sand that protrudes into the sea, has been a frequent site of strandings, although scientists are unclear why.

One theory is that the spit creates a shallow seabed in the bay with extensive, kilometres-wide sand flats.

This can confuse whales' sonar navigation systems.

But Mr Winterbottom said there weren't any plans to put in protections for whales in the area, as the vast landmass made solutions like a water barrier "completely impractical".


Image caption,

A rescuer pouring water over a whale in a bid to keep it alive

Last year, rescuers were able to save 28 long-finned pilot whales of a pod of about 50 who had stranded on the beach, but the rest died.

The worst stranding occurred in February 2017, when almost 700 whales beached, resulting in 250 deaths. The area has seen at least 11 pilot whale strandings in the past 15 years.

Reporting by the BBC's Frances Mao

Media caption,

Volunteers helped push 28 whales back into the water at a similar stranding in 2021 at Farewell Spit