Oil prices have soared to the highest level since July 2008 after the US said it was discussing a potential ban on Russian supplies with other countries.
Brent crude - the global oil benchmark - rose to above $139 a barrel, before easing to around $130.
Energy markets have been rocked in recent days over supply fears triggered by the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
Consumers are already feeling the impact of higher energy costs as fuel prices and household bills jump.
Stock markets in Asia fell on Monday, with Japan's Nikkei closing down by almost 3% the Hang Seng in Hong Kong trading 3.6% lower.
On Sunday, the US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said the Biden administration and its allies were discussing a ban on Russian oil supplies.
Later, US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi said the chamber was "exploring" legislation to ban the import of Russian oil and that Congress this week intended to enact $10bn (£7.6bn) of aid for Ukraine in response to Russia's military invasion.
"The House is currently exploring strong legislation that will further isolate Russia from the global economy," Ms Pelosi said in a letter.
The comments came as pressure grows on the White House and other Western nations to take tougher action against Moscow over its invasion of Ukraine.
A Russian oil embargo would be a major escalation in the response to the invasion of Ukraine and would potentially have a major impact on the global economy.
"While the US might just push through a ban on Russian oil imports, Europe can ill-afford to do the same. More worryingly, [Russian leader Vladimir] Putin, with his back to the wall, could turn off gas supplies to Europe, cutting off the continent's energy lifeline," Vandana Hari at oil markets analysis firm Vanda Insights told the BBC.
The price of Brent crude rose by more than 20% last week as the conflict triggered fears of a shortage of oil on the global markets.
Consumers around the world have seen costs jump in recent days as they feel the impact of rising wholesale energy prices.
On Sunday, the American Automobile Association said that US petrol prices at the pump jumped by 11% over the past week to the highest level since July 2008.
The cost of petrol and diesel in the UK has soared, and now averages 153p and 157p a litre respectively.
But James Spencer, managing director of fuel delivery firm Portland Fuel, said bad news had kept coming, and prices were set to rise even higher.
"Even if we can get extra supplies on to the market, nothing will happen quickly," he told the BBC's Today programme. "I'm afraid we are going to see prices in excess of £1.70-£1.75 a litre."
He said that, to a certain extent, individual car drivers have options to cut their use by driving less. But businesses that have no alternatives were really starting to feel the squeeze, Mr Spencer said.
Meanwhile, a jump in the price of gas amid the Ukraine conflict has added to worries that annual average UK household energy bills could reach £3,000.
In recent days, the cost of gas in Europe and the UK has hit record levels as fears persist that Russian supplies could be reduced.
On Sunday, energy giant Shell defended its decision to purchase Russian crude oil despite the invasion of Ukraine.
The company said in a statement that the decision to purchase the fuel at a discounted price was "difficult".
It confirmed that it had bought a cargo of Russian crude oil on Friday but it had "no alternative".
Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba hit out at the energy company, asking on Twitter: "Doesn't Russian oil smell Ukrainian blood for you?"
Rising crude prices and a possible ban on buying Russian oil has intensified pressure to find alternative supplies.
The US is this week expected to press Saudi Arabia to increase crude production, and there is fresh impetus for a deal over Iran's nuclear ambitions that would lift sanctions on its oil exports.
However, progress on a deal has been hampered after Russia sought a US guarantee that the sanctions it faces over the Ukraine conflict will not affect its trade with Tehran.
It came as global brands continue to cut their ties with Russia over the conflict.
At the weekend, video-sharing app TikTok said it had suspended livestreaming and new content from its platform in Russia as it assesses tough new laws to crack down on "fake news" about the country's armed forces.
Meanwhile, streaming giant Netflix said it had cut its services in the country following its invasion of Ukraine.